Ba La Hu Chuan (叭喇唬船)

Ming Dynasty Proa
Inaccurately drawn Ba La Hu Chuan, from 'Wu Bei Zhi (《武備志》)'.

Ming Dynasty Perahu Bersayap
Drawing of a Ba La Hu Chuan, from 'Jing Guo Xiong Lue (《經國雄略》)'. The bow design of this Ba La Hu Chuan is remarkably similar to Portuguese Moliceiro.
The name Ba La Hu (叭喇唬) comes from the Chinese transcription of Malay word "Perahu". Also known as Hu Chuan (唬船), this small boat is the Chinese adoption of Malay Proa. Ba La Hu Chuan is equipped with double-outrigger and a soft sail, and is extremely fast and unusually stable for of boat of its size, making it an invaluable tool against Wokou (倭寇, Japanese coastal pirates). In fact, the Wokou feared this small boat, which they called Ruan Fan (軟帆, soft sail).

Chinese seem to adopt the design of Ba La Hu Chuan indirectly through the Portuguese, which hired (or enslaved) Malays as sailors and navigators after the conquest of Malacca.

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