Fang Tian Hua Ji (方天畫戟)

Ming Chinese Ji Halberd
Drawing of a Fang Tian Hua Ji (highlighted), from 'Si Zhen San Guan Zhi (《四鎮三關志》)'.
Fang Tian Hua Ji (方天畫戟, lit. 'Square sky decorated halberd'), sometimes shortened to Fang Tian Ji (方天戟, lit. 'Square sky halberd') or Hua Ji (畫戟, lit. 'Decorated halberd'), is the quintessential Chinese halberd. It is often associated with Lu Bu (呂布) of Romance of the Three Kingdoms fame, although the real historical figure did not use this weapon. The Hua (畫, drawing) in its name refer to its shaft, which is often richly decorated with drawings. Indeed most Fang Tian Hua Ji are ceremonial weapons.

Fang Tian Hua Ji is a versatile weapon that combines a spearhead with a crescent-shaped blade. The crescent blade is an effective chopping implement, and can be used to hook, parry or bind opponent's weapon.

In modern martial arts communities, Fang Tian Hua Ji actually refers to a halberd with TWO crescent blades, while halberd with one crescent blade is known as Qing Long Ji (青龍戟, lit. 'Green dragon halberd'). However, this classification is a relatively modern development that does not conform to Ming period definition.

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