Bian Jian (邊箭)

Chinese Archery
Drawing of a Bian Jian, from 'Chou Hai Tu Bian (《籌海圖編》)'.
Ming Dynasty Majra
Drawings of Bian Jian, from 'Bing Lu (《兵錄》)'.
Bian Jian (邊箭, lit. 'Border arrow' or 'Side arrow'), also known as Bian Jian (鞭箭, lit. 'Whip arrow', not to be confused with another weapon with the same name) is the Chinese version of arrow-guide or overdraw device, a detachable half-tube that allows the archer to shoot short, high velocity arrows at longer range. The small arrows are hard to spot, and harder still to dodge. Without access to similar device, enemy archers can't pick up the arrows and shoot back at the archer.

Chinese archers had been using arrow-guide, then known as Tong Jian (筒箭, lit. 'Tube arrow'), as early as Tang Dynasty.
Tong-ah 통아
A Pyeonjeon (left) and Tong-ah (middle) alongside a normal arrow, from 'Yungwon pilbi (《융원필비》 or 《戎垣必備》)'.
Korean equivalent of Bian Jian is known as Tong-ah (통아 or 筒兒) for the tube and Pyeonjeon (편전 or 片箭) for the short arrow. Other similar devices include Byzantine Solenarion (σωληνάριον) and Turkish Navek.

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