Wu Di Shen Pai (無敵神牌)

Ming Dynasty Mantlet Shield
Drawing of a Wu Di Shen Pai, from sixteenth century military treatise 'Wu Bian Qian Ji (《武編前集》)'.

The Wu Di Shen Pai (無敵神牌, lit. "Invincible divine shield") is a type of Ming Dynasty mantlet, basically a large shield mounted on a wheelbarrow. It can be used as a makeshift boat for (shallow) river crossing. The eyes, earholes, nostrils and mouth of the painted tiger face are loopholes that allow archers or arquebusiers to fire from behind the safety of the shield.

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