Mao (矛)

Ming Chinese Snake Spear
Drawing of a Mao, from 'Deng Tang Bi Jiu (《登堂必究》)'.
The Mao (矛, spear) is simply another name for Qiang (鎗). There is no functional difference between a Mao and a Qiang, in fact both terms can be used interchangeably to refer to the same weapon. Nevertheless, Mao is sometimes used to designate a specific type of spear with a snake-like, curvy spearhead, colloquially known as She Mao (蛇矛, snake spear).

Modern She Mao designed for Chinese martial arts often has stylised "forked tongue" spearhead. This feature is of course not present on the military version.

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