Gong Cheng Lin Chong Lu Gong Che (攻城臨衝呂公車)

Ming Chinese Belfry
Stylised illustration of a Lu Gong Che, from 'Wu Bei Zhi (《武備志 》)'.
Gong Cheng Lin Chong Lu Gong Che (攻城臨衝呂公車, lit. 'City-siege approaching assault cart of Lord Lu'), often shortened to Lin Chong Lu Gong Che (臨衝呂公車, lit. 'Approaching assault cart of Lord Lu') or simply Lu Gong Che (呂公車, lit. 'Cart of Lord Lu'), is the Chinese siege tower or belfry. Named after the semi-legendary Lu Shang (呂尚), better known as Jiang Zi Ya (姜子牙), Lu Gong Che is in effect no different from siege towers used by other cultures.

A Lu Gong Che is several storeys high (it is usually built to the same height as, or higher than, the defensive wall it is intended to breach) and equipped with numerous siege equipments such as gangplanks, hooks and cloud ladders. It is usually covered in rawhides to prevent the enemy from set it on fire, or cotton blankets if incendiary weapon isn't a concern. Like Cyrus the Great's War Tower, Chinese siege towers can be pulled by oxen.

Chinese had been building siege towers of various sizes since antiquity (although it was known by other names before Ming period), and continued to employ them as late as Red Turban Rebellion. After the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, Lu Gong Che largely went out of use among Ming armies (as they no longer had any city to attack, and firearms rendered siege tower obsolete). On the other hand, it was sometimes used by rebels and even Wokou (倭寇) to lay siege to Chinese cities.

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