Drawing of a Xian Qiang, from 'Lian Bing Za Ji (《練兵雜紀》)'.
Xian Qiang (線鎗, lit. 'Line spear' or 'Linear spear') is a lightweight lance or cavalry spear used by Ming cavalrymen in northern China. General Qi Ji Guang (戚繼光) standardised the weapon into its current form, with a two chi spearhead and seven chi shaft, for a total length of nine chi. The spear shaft is extremely thin, only one cun in diameter, and the spear only weights three catties.The spearhead is tapered to an acute point for better penetration.
This spear is also known as Tou Jia Qiang (透甲鎗, armour-piercing spear) for its armour piercing properties.
If you appreciate my work, please support me on my Patreon!