|Pi Jia, from 'Wu Bei Yao Lue (《武備要略》)'.|
Pi Jia is used by the rank-and-file. It is usually worn on top of paper armour.
Long Lin Jia (龍鱗甲) and Xie Di Jia (鞋底甲)
|Xie Di Jia (left) and Long Lin Jia (right), from 'Yu Zi Shi San Zhong Mi Shu Bing Heng (《喻子十三種秘書兵衡》)'.|
Cowhide armour that covers the entire body of its wearer.
For more detail, see my other post.
Yue Bing Kui Jia (粵兵盔甲, 'Armour of Yue Troop')
|Yue Bing Kui Jia, from 'Chou Hai Tu Bian (《籌海圖編》)'.|
Armour used by the militia-sailors from Yue region (粤, modern day Guangdong and Guangxi province, especially Guangxi). This armour is made of cowhide, cut into multiple bands and treated with tung oil, then joined together with studs (turning it into a studded leather armour). Its spaudlers can be further reinforced with cow horn plates.
Yue Bing Kui Jia was considered the best among leather armours.
Chu Zhou Pi Jia (處州皮甲, 'Hide armour from Chu Zhou')
A type of hide armour used by Ming troops from Chu Zhou. Recorded in Huo Long Shen Qi Zhen Fa (《火龍神器陣法》), this armour is made of raw buffalo hide, cut into multiple strips and assembled in the likeness of a Zheng Long (蒸籠, bamboo steamer), then painted with tung oil and dried.
Chu Zhou Keng Bing Pi Jia (處州坑兵皮甲, lit. 'Hide armour of Keng Bing from Chu Zhou')
|Chu Zhou Keng Bing Pi Jia, from 'Wu Bei Yao Lue (《武備要略》)'.|
Auxiliary armour commonly used by Keng Bing (坑兵, lit. 'Tunnel troops', referring to troops recruited among miners) from Chu Zhou that only protects the left side of the body. It is usually worn on top of another armour.
The lower part of this armour can be lifted and hitched with a hook so that it will not hinder the wearer's movement.
Armour made of unusual material
Beside common cow and buffalo hide, Chinese sometimes made armour out of very unusual animal or animal parts.
Tang Ni Kai is a rather unusual armour made of pangolin hide. To make this armour, pangolin hide is boiled together with radish seed and lopseed (along with saltpetre, Glauber's salt and Sal ammoniac), before being molded into lamellar or scale plates and assembled into a complete armour.
Chuan Shan Jia Jia (穿山甲甲, 'Pangolin armour')
|Chuan Shan Jia Jia, from 'Wu Bei Yao Lue (《武備要略》)'.|
Isinglass armour of Guangzhou
Militias from Guangzhou also made armours and shields out of isinglass (hardened fish glue made from fish bladder). This armour was said to be extremely tough and bulletproof.